Influence of Personal Factors on Case Management of Preeclampsia among Expectant Mothers attending Health Facilities in Borama Town, Somaliland
This study investigated the influence of personal factors on case management of preeclampsia among expectant mothers in Borama, Somaliland. Preeclampsia is the onset of fits in a woman whose pregnancy is complicated by eclampsia, usually, after 20 weeks gestation, in labor, or during the first 48 hours of the postpartum period. The problem of the study was the high prevalence of preeclampsia among expectant mothers in Borama. The specific objectives were to assess the status of personal factors, assess case management of preeclampsia, and influence of personal factors on case management of preeclampsia. The study was a cross-sectional survey, on a random sample of 159 expectant mothers in Hospitals in Borama, in March 2018. Expectant mothers were found to generally have poor personal factors, χ2 (2, N = 159) = 123.321, p = .000. Expectant mothers with good personal factors had better case management of preeclampsia, than expectant mothers with poor personal factors, F (2, 156) = 6.859, p = .010, I-J = 13.423, p = .035. The personal factors is a significant predictor of case management of preeclampsia, F (1, 157) = 3.691, p = .027. Good personal factors is significant in the model, t1 (157) = 2.292, p = .023. The study concludes that personal factors have a significant influence on the case management of preeclampsia. The study recommends that the Ministry of Health Development should create awareness campaigns at the grassroots to inform and educate expectant mothers and women in general, on appropriate lifestyles to keep, to avoid developing preeclampsia.